Compared to traditional gum surgery, laser therapy offers several benefits, including:
Patients with moderate gum disease and periodontal pockets greater than 4 mm are typically good candidates. In more severe cases, your doctor may recommend tissue grafting or another type of surgery.
During treatment, a dentist, periodontist, or other type of specialist will use a soft tissue laser to remove diseased tissue and bacteria within the pockets along the base of the teeth. The surrounding, healthy tissue will remain unaffected. Before treatment, a local anesthetic will be applied to numb the area.
With the introduction of lasers into dental care, patients can experience more comfortable treatment, a faster recovery, and a reduced risk of infection.
Once the damaged tissue has been removed, a dental instrument known as a scaler will be used to smooth the surface of the dental roots. The doctor may also apply a gel or membrane containing platelets or similar material to promote healthy tissue generation. By reducing the size of the pocket depths, the gums can more securely attach to the base of the teeth and prevent bacteria from reentering. Treatment sessions generally take about two to three hours and can be completed in one office visit. In more complex cases, an additional office visit may be required.
Though some dietary restrictions and hygiene modifications are expected, recovery is fairly quick and straightforward. During your initial consultation, the doctor will discuss post-operative care and provide you with a list of instructions to follow so you know what to expect.
After laser therapy, it is normal to experience slight tenderness or temperature sensitivity, in addition to some swelling. Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever and eating soft foods should help reduce these side effects. Over the course of your recovery, you may also experience some slight bleeding and changes in the color of the treated gum tissue. As the gums continue to heal, color will normalize and the gums will start to look healthier.
Studies have shown that the health of your mouth can directly impact the health of your body, either positively or negatively. Gum disease has been linked to diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and even stroke. By taking good care of your teeth and gums, you can minimize your risk for related issues and enjoy a healthier smile.